Roofing materials come in many types suited to fit a wide range of budgets. With that in mind you can imagine there are also varying qualities, especially in the shingle section. We are listing every roof material type on the market in this post with references to more. Our recommended roofing contractor, Reliable Roof Repair. See below for contact details
This has numerous qualities with durability on top.
Today, metal roofs are made from galvanized aluminum, steel or copper. They should last an average of 50 years or more—at least 2 to 3 times longer than a regular asphalt shingle roof.
- Weight – Aluminum metal roofing is lighter than anything else and steel roofing is still lighter than asphalt
- Price – Expect to pay anywhere from $100 per square (a 10-by-ten foot area) to $600 per square for a metal roof
- Fire Resistance – A metal roof won’t catch fire. It’s non-combustible and Class A fire rated
- Environmental Friendliness – Most metal is almost 100% recyclable—which makes it very environmentally friendly
Most North American homes are roofed in tar composition shingles. In Canada—organic shingles are more flexible in cold weather and fiberglass holds up better in heat.
- Durability – Asphalt shingles will need to be replaced every 10-20 years. They can last longer under ideal conditions, but that is rare indeed
- Weight – Asphalt shingles can weigh close to 200 lbs per square. They are heavy, so only one layer is ever recommended
- Price – It’s the most cost-effective option, with materials running about $50 to $150 per square
- Fire Resistance – Asphalt shingles can carry Class A, B or C fire rating so check with the manufacturer
- Environmental Friendliness – Looking at the three ‘Rs’ reduce, reuse, recycle, asphalt is probably your worst option
When it comes to wood roofs, we’re almost always talking about cedar.
- Durability – Cedar’s rot-resistant, insect resistant, and holds up well under high winds and hail
- Weight – A cedar roof is relatively lightweight, but it gets heavier when wet so make sure you remove your previous roof before adding cedar shakes
- Price – For a wide ballpark figure, expect to pay anywhere from $150 all the way up to $1200 per square
- Fire Resistance – Some insurance companies won’t insure homes with cedar roofs or they’ll charge extra, so check with your broker ahead of time
- Environmental Friendliness – Cedar is definitely more eco-friendly than asphalt
Like metal roofs, slate can really stand the test of time. It can last for hundreds of years and in many cases it just gets better looking.
- Durability – If it’s done right and it’s maintained by a professional slate will last hundreds of years!
- Weight – Slate can add between 800-1500 lbs per square, depending on the thickness
- Price – Slate is the most expensive roofing option. Expect to pay roughly $600 – $1000 or more per square
- Fire Resistance – Slate, like metal, gets a Class A fire rating. It’s non-combustible
- Environmental Friendliness – Slate is up there in terms of its environmental friendliness, mostly because of its long lifespan
Concrete Tile Roofs
Recently, concrete tiles have become the tile of choice because they offer great performance and looks at half the price of slate.
- Durability – Both clay and concrete tiles are durable and—if installed properly—will last for decades
- Weight – A clay or concrete roof can weigh between 800lbs to 1300 lbs per square
- Price – Concrete can give you the look of a clay tiled roof without the cost (about $250 – $300 per square versus clay at $300 – $600 per square)
- Fire Resistance – Concrete and clay roofs are non-combustible and have a Class A fire rating
- Environmental Friendliness – Concrete tiles are a great option if you want to go green. They have ideal thermal and radiant properties and experience less temperature fluctuations
If you have a flat roof or low slope roof you need a specific flat roof system.
- Tar and Gravel – A layer of roofing felt is laid down, then tar, then gravel laid onto that to hold the roofing material in place in high winds
- Membrane Systems – New technology for flat roofs uses synthetic waterproof membranes that are glued down to the roof sheathing
Quality Roofing Material Video
For Vancouver residents interested in any one of these options we recommend Reliable Roof Repair – A division of At Your Home Services.